Carpet production in Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan is the Country where rug knotting has it’s most ancient roots.
The rugs production, very diffused till the XIX century, has constituted the main unifying aspect in the uses of numerous local tribes.
Anciently, a great part of objects, necessary to daily life, were realized using the knot technique.
Each part of the Yurta, a real tent houses having a dome structure, was made with rugs.
Specimens of various shapes were knotted using them in various ways.
The Duyp ghali, placed near the fire, to receive guests; the Dip ghali, a kind of entrance carpet, placed at the tent entrance; the Kapunik, having a horse-shoe shape, were used to cover the fixture and the entrances during feasts; the Yolami, long strips, were used to cover the inner piles of the hut.
Besides this, a lot of other objects, commonly used, were produced, such as: cradles, tablecloths, bags and crockery containers. Women were the main depositaries of the knotted art, practicing it with the use of simple horizontal looms.
Unfortunately, nowadays, this textile tradition is quite forgotten as the contact with foreign populations has almost completely eliminated the best characteristics of the local handicraft.